You will be seen by a health care professional who will then check your core biometrics – height, weight, waist, blood pressure. From these we will derive your Body Mass Index (BMI). Your BMI and waist measurement will give us a clear picture of whether you are carrying too much fat.
By measuring your height and weight, we can calculate your Body Mass Index (BMI). This is a measure of whether you are under weight, normal, overweight or obese. Your BMI can tell you if you’re carrying too much weight but it can’t tell if you’re carrying too much fat. The BMI can’t tell the difference between excess fat, muscle, or bone.
The adult BMI does not take into account age, gender or muscle mass. This means that:
Despite this, BMI is a straightforward and widely used why of assessing someone’s weight which is a reliable guide in most cases.
This is not your trouser size but rather your measurement midway between the bottom of your ribs and the top of your hips – near your belly button for most people. Measuring your waist is a good way to check you’re not carrying too much fat around your stomach, which can raise your risk of heart disease, type 2 diabetes and stroke.
You can have a healthy BMI and still have excess tummy fat – meaning you’re still at risk of developing these diseases.
Blood pressure is measures how your heart is pumping blood round your body. There are two parts to a blood pressure reading
For example, if your blood pressure is “120 over 80” or 120/80mmHg, it means you have a systolic pressure of 120mmHg and a diastolic pressure of 80mmHg. This is regarded as a normal blood pressure reading for someone at rest.
Blood pressure is influenced by your hearts efficiency, the state of your circulatory system and it varies depending on situation, emotional state, activity, and relative health/disease states.
Blood pressure that is low due to a disease state is called hypotension, and pressure that is consistently high is hypertension. Both have many causes and may be of sudden onset or of long duration. Long term hypertension is a risk factor for many diseases, including heart disease, stroke and kidney failure. Long term hypertension is more common than long term hypotension. Long term hypertension often goes undetected because of infrequent monitoring and the absence of symptoms.
It is a vital sign and should be a core part of any health assessment