This test measures albumin and all other proteins in blood, including antibodies made to help fight off infections.
Globulins are a group of proteins made in the liver by the immune system which play an important role in liver function, blood clotting and fighting infection.
A main protein made by the liver. A low level of albumin can indicate a problem with your liver or kidneys.
Sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) is a protein produced by the liver which binds to certain hormones including: testosterone, dihydrotestosterone and oestrogen. Levels of SHBG are altered by medications, disease, sex steroids and insulin.
The term HbA1c refers to glycated haemoglobin. It develops when haemoglobin, a protein within red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout your body, joins with glucose in the blood, becoming ‘glycated’. By measuring HbA1c, we can see what blood sugars have been for 8-12 weeks.
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)
The thyroid is a butterfly shaped gland found in the throat, wrapped around the windpipe just below the Adam’s apple. It produces thyroid hormones which influence essentially every organ, every tissue and every cell in the body. Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) is produced in the pituitary gland and stimulates the thyroid gland to produce thyroid hormones thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). TSH that is too high or too low indicates that your thyroid gland is not functioning correctly.
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) is synthesised and secreted by the anterior pituitary gland and regulates the development, growth maturation and reproductive processes of the body.
Luteinising Hormone (LH) is produced and released in the anterior pituitary gland and is an important part of a woman’s menstrual cycle.
Oestradiol is a steroid hormone and the strongest of the three naturally-produced oestrogens. It has many functions but primarily acts to mature and maintain the female reproductive system.
Testosterone is the primary male sex hormone – it plays a huge role in the development of male reproductive tissues as well as promoting secondary characteristics such as muscle and bone mass, libido and growth of bodily hair.
This is the amount of free testosterone which is not bound to proteins like sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) and albumin.
Free Androgen Index
This test evaluates androgen levels and is expressed as a ratio of total testosterone to sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG).