The term HbA1c refers to glycated haemoglobin. It develops when haemoglobin, a protein within red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout your body, joins with glucose in the blood, becoming ‘glycated’. By measuring HbA1c, we can see what blood sugars have been for 8-12 weeks.
Triglycerides are the body’s storage form of fat. Most triglycerides are found in fat (adipose) tissue, but some circulate in the blood to provide fuel for muscles to work. Extra triglycerides are found in the blood after eating a meal — when fat is being sent from the gut to fat tissue for storage. Triglycerides are a form of lipid (fat), and are therefore included as part of a lipid profile.
Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol is sometimes referred to as “bad” cholesterol. High levels of LDL can increase your risk of heart disease and stroke.
Non-HDL cholesterol is the amount of “good” cholesterol, subtracted from your total cholesterol number. This will leave you with the amount of “bad” cholesterol.
High-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol is sometimes referred to as “good” cholesterol – it absorbs cholesterol and carries it back to the liver, which in turn, “flushes” it from the body. High levels of HDL cholesterol can lower your risk of heart disease and stroke.
Total cholesterol: HDL ratio
This ratio examines the amount of “good” or HDL cholesterol you have in relation to your total.
Cholesterol is a substance that is essential for life. It helps form the membranes for cells in all organs and tissues in your body. It is used to make hormones that are essential for development, growth and reproduction. It forms bile acids that are needed to absorb nutrients from food. Cholesterol comes both from what you eat and from your body’s own production of cholesterol, which takes place in the liver. A small amount of your body’s cholesterol circulates in the blood in complex particles called “lipoproteins”. These include some particles that carry excess cholesterol away for disposal (HDL, good cholesterol) and some particles that deposit cholesterol in tissues and organs (LDL-bad cholesterol). The test for cholesterol measures all cholesterol (good and bad) that is carried in the blood.
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)
The thyroid is a butterfly shaped gland found in the throat, wrapped around the windpipe just below the Adam’s apple. It produces thyroid hormones which influence essentially every organ, every tissue and every cell in the body. Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) is produced in the pituitary gland and stimulates the thyroid gland to produce thyroid hormones thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). TSH that is too high or too low indicates that your thyroid gland is not functioning correctly.
Testosterone is the primary male sex hormone – it plays a huge role in the development of male reproductive tissues as well as promoting secondary characteristics such as muscle and bone mass, libido and growth of bodily hair.
Prolactin is a protein known for its role in enabling mammals, namely females, to produce milk.